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Cancer Screening Guidelines

Cancer screening increases the chances of detecting certain cancers early, when they might be easier to treat. CalvertHealth generally recommends following the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines as a framework for decision making. The information below is for individuals with average risk of cancer. It's important to know if you may be at higher than average risk for certain cancers – your doctor can help you decide what screening plan is right for you.

BREAST CANCER
For women over the age of 40, NCCN guidelines recommend an annual screening mammogram. 3D mammography may improve cancer detection in certain cases.

CERVICAL CANCER
Beginning at age 21, women should have a Pap test every 3 years. From age 30-65, women should have a Pap test and HPV test every 5 years.

COLON CANCER
A screening colonoscopy is recommended beginning at age 50 and as needed thereafter – based on the finding of the first screening.

LUNG CANCER
Current smokers - or those who have quit within the past 15 years - who are ages 55-74 with a greater than 30 pack-year smoking history may benefit from an annual low-dose CT scan.

PROSTATE CANCER
Men between the ages of 45 and 74 should have a conversation with their health care provider about the risks and benefits of prostate cancer screening.

SKIN CANCER
While there are no specific age guidelines, most skin cancers can be found early with regular exams. Talk to your doctor about your risk and how often you should have your skin examined.