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Lung Cancer Resources
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Lung Cancer - Breate Easier Banner
Lung Cancer - Breate Easier Banner

Lung cancer is the No. 1 cause of cancer deaths. There are two main types, small cell and non-small cell. Small cell lung cancer grows faster and is more aggressive and is most associated with smoking. Non-small cell cancers are much more common.

What are the symptoms of lung cancer?
In many cases, there are none until the cancer has advanced, but there may be symptoms such as coughing and shortness of breath, or coughing up blood. Unintended weight loss and fatigue may also occur.

How is lung cancer diagnosed?
Sometimes lung cancer is discovered by accident when imaging is being done for some other reason. For people who meet certain criteria, including a history of smoking, annual screening by CT scan is recommended. Suspected lung cancer can be confirmed by imaging, biopsy or examination of sputum.

To be eligible for a low-dose CT scan, patients must be:
  • Between the ages of 55-77
  • Have a "30 pack" smoking history (means you smoked one pack a day for 30 years or two packs per day for 15 years, etc.)
  • Be a current smoker or have quit within the past 15 years
CalvertHealth’s high-risk lung clinic is designed as an additional resource for patients who are at increased risk for cancer, providing added surveillance, management and education on risk reducing strategies. The high-risk lung clinic is made possible, in part, from a generous donation from the DeCesaris/Prout Cancer Foundation.

What are the treatments for lung cancer?
If the tumor is small in size and cancer has not spread to any other areas, it will usually be removed surgically. This is not always possible, as when the cancer has already spread or has invaded an inaccessible area. Chemotherapy and radiation are common treatments. Other treatments include targeted therapy, immunotherapy and experimental therapies. When a cure is not possible, the goal is to extend life and quality of life.

What are the risk factors for lung cancer?
Smoking or being exposed to second-hand smoke are the primary risks of most forms of lung cancer. Smoking cigarettes is the most common cause, but smoking pipes or cigars is also harmful. Exposure to asbestos, radon and air pollution are also risks. Having a close relative with lung cancer is also associated with a higher risk.

What are some additional resources for learning about lung cancer?
If you or your loved one is facing lung cancer, CalvertHealth has a whole range of services designed to help you so you never take this journey alone. Please talk to your CalvertHealth provider or your Nurse Navigator, or check the service pages for information about treatments, services and support groups.
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